Amber is composed of fossilized tree resin that is a million plus years in age. Prehistoric carvings and beads have been found that contained amber. Amber was often worn by indigenous people and early civilizations for its supernatural properties and as a protection against bad vibrations as well as to purify the spirit. It has been used for centuries by healers and shamans for its ability to keep disease away. Mexican amber has only been world known since the mid 1970's, but it was the ancient Maya Indians who originally discovered it. Mexican amber that is found in the area of Chiapas, has been formed by the resin from an extinct species of trees and is approximately 20-30 million years old. The area of Chiapas where Mexican amber is found, is very humid, rainy and treacherous territory, Mexican amber, also known as Chiapas amber, is all natural with striking and impressive colors. Amber comes in several different colors including various shades of yellow which is the most well known natural color, red, cognac, black and green which is extremely rare. There is a variance in the hardness of the amber as well. The cognac amber is made clearer through hand sanding which allows light to enter the resin and create the cognac color. Black amber is a lot of inclusions moss, dirt and/of tree bark which gives it the striking black color. Green amber is the most cherished in Mexico and is the rarest. It has a yellowish color but will take on a fluorescent green color in light. Red amber is typically only found close to the surface area of the mines. It is more porous and rich in oxygen which has allowed the slow oxidation process for turning it from yellow to red. The Chiapas amber comes from a tropical forest and due to the fact that the amber is created from tree resin, it combines with the earth and may contain inclusions. There is a vast array inclusions that may be found in amber such as pine needles, leaves, moss, insects and other bits and pieces of nature. Amber containing insects is highly sought after. There had been pieces of amber found with insects that appear to be "stuck" in flight and may be have been enclosed in the amber for centuries. One discover of Chiapas amber was found to have an inclusion that showed a new species of sting-less bee.